Effect of case–based video support on cyberbullying awareness
AbstractWhen it comes to safe and ethical information technology use, cyberbullying stands out. Indeed, it is seen to be a prevalent and complex problem. Prevention suggestions tend to rely on implications of descriptive and correlational studies rather than true experimental works. In this regard, the current study investigated the effect of case–based video (CBV) support on empowering cyberbullying awareness among 120 pre–service information technology teachers. Solomon four–group design was used in which four groups of students were randomly assigned to two treatment conditions. In the experimental groups, CBVs on authentic victimization instances were integrated into the instructional module on cyberbullying. The same cases and the content were provided without the CBV support in the control groups. One group from each condition was pretested before the implementation. Following the treatment, all groups were post–tested through a one–factor cyberbullying awareness scale. Two–way ANOVAs were used to analyze the data. Findings revealed that both types of instructional modules were useful whereas the CBVs led to better outcomes. Findings are discussed with regard to the relevant literature and suggestions for further studies are provided.
Akbulut, Y., & Çuhadar, C. (2011). Reflections of preservice information technology teachers regarding cyberbullying. Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry, 2(3), 67-76. http://www.tojqi.net/articles/TOJQI_2_3/TOJQI_2_3_Article_5.pdf
Akbulut, Y., Sahin, Y. L., & Eristi, B. (2010). Cyberbullying victimization among Turkish online social utility members. Educational Technology & Society, 13(4), 192–201. http://www.ifets.info/journals/13_4/17.pdf
Arıcak, O. T. (2009). Psychiatric symptomatology as a predictor of cyberbullying among university students. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 34, 167–184. http://www.ejer.com.tr/0DOWNLOAD/pdfler/eng/1132989405.pdf
Ayres, K., & Cihak, D. (2010). Computer– and video–based instruction of food–preparation skills: Acquisition, generalization, and maintenance. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 48(3), 195–208. http://pinnacle.allenpress.com/doi/pdf/10.1352/1944-7558-48.3.195
Beran, T, & Li, Q. (2005). Cyber–harassment: a study of new method for an old behavior. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 32(3), 265–277. http://baywood.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&issn=0735-6331&volume=32&issue=3&spage=265
Berry, P., & McKenna, G. (1995). Adolescents with attitude: Using video and the National Curriculum to broaden drug education in schools. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy, 2(1), 59-64. http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/09687639509006672?journalCode=dep
Beullens, K., & Van den Bulck, J. (2008). News, music videos and action movie exposure and adolescents’ intentions to take risks in traffic. Accident Analysis and Prevention,40, 349-356. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0001457507001145
Borup, J., West, R.E., & Graham, C. R. (2012). Improving online social presence through asynchronous video. Internet and Higher Education, 15(3), 195-203. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S109675161100073X
Braver, M.C.W., & Braver, S.L. (1988). Statistical treatment of the Solomon four-group design: A meta-analytic approach. Psychological Bulletin, 104 (1), 150-154. http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/1988-34688-001
Campbell, D. T., & Stanley, J. C. (1963). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for research. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioural sciences (2nd ed.). New York: Academic Press.
Çelik, S., Atak, H., & Erguzen, A. (2012). The effect of personality on cyberbullying among university students in Turkey. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 49, 129-150. http://www.ejer.com.tr/0DOWNLOAD/pdfler/eng/celikeng.pdf
Demetriadis, S.N., Papadopoulos, P.M., Stamelos, I.G., & Fischer, F. (2008). The effect of scaffolding students’ context–generating cognitive activity in technology–enhanced case–based learning. Computers & Education, 51(2), 939–954. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360131507001169
Donkor, F. (2011). Assessment of learner acceptance and satisfaction with video-based instructional materials for teaching practical skills at a distance. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 12 (5), 74-92. http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/953
Erçetin, G. (2010). Effects of topic interest and prior knowledge on text recall and annotation use in reading a hypermedia text in the L2. ReCALL, 22(2), 228-246. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=7798115
Feinberg, T., & Robey, N. (2008). Cyberbullying. Principal Leadership, 9 (1), 10-14. http://www.principals.org/tabid/3788/default.aspx?topic=58057
Fenaughty, J., & Harré, N. (2013). Factors associated with young people’s successful resolution of distressing electronic harassment. Computers & Education, 61, 242-250. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360131512001820
Field, A. (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS (3rd ed.). London: Sage.
Herreid, C.F. (2007) (Ed.). Start with a story. Arlington, VA: National Science Teachers Association Press.
Huang, Y.-Y., & Chou, C. (2013). Revisiting cyberbullying: Perspectives from Taiwanese teachers. Computers & Education, 63, 227-239. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360131512002965
Huck, S.W. (2012). Reading statistics and research (6th ed.). Boston: Pearson Education.
Juvonen, J., & Gross, E. F. (2008). Extending the school grounds?–Bullying experiences in cyberspace. Journal of School Health, 78 (9), 496-505. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2008.00335.x/pdf
Kaşkaya, A., Ünlü, İ., Akar, M.S., & Özturan-Sağırlı, M. (2011). The effect of school and teacher themed movies on pre-service teachers’ professional attitudes and perceived self-efficacy. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 11(4), 1778-1783. http://www.edam.com.tr/kuyeb/en/makale.asp?ID=574&act=detay
Kistler, M.E., & Lee, M.J. (2009). Does exposure to sexual hip-hop music videos influence the sexual attitudes of college students? Mass Communication and Society, 13(1), 67-86. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15205430902865336#preview
Nolen, A. L. (2009). The content of educational psychology: An analysis of top-ranked journals from 2003 to 2007. Educational Psychology Review, 21, 279-289. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10648-009-9110-2
Okamoto, S.K., Helm, S., McClain, L.L., & Dinson, A.L. (2012). The development of videos in culturally grounded drug prevention for rural native Hawaiian youth. Journal of Primary Prevention, 33(5-6), 259-269. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10935-012-0281-0
Pang, K. (2009). Video-driven multimedia, web-based training in the corporate sector: Pedagogical equivalence and component effectiveness. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 10 (3). Retrieved January 8, 2013, from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/629/1265
Patchin, J. W., & Hinduja, S. (2006). Bullies move beyond the schoolyard. A preliminary look at cyberbullying. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 4 (2), 148-169. http://yvj.sagepub.com/content/4/2/148.abstract
Patchin, J. W., & Hinduja, S. (2010). Cyberbullying and self-esteem. Journal of School Health, 80 (12), 614-621. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2010.00548.x/abstract
Poureslami, I., Murphy, D., Rootman, I., Nicol, A. & Balka, E. (2007, April). Changing immigrants’ attitudes towards intentions to use the BC HealthGuide Program: Culturally specific video messaging for health promotion. Journal of Applied Research on Learning, 1(1), 1-12. http://www.ccl-cca.ca/NR/rdonlyres/EFF50CAA-19E6-42AB-9AF8-023CCE050000/0/JARLNo1Art317OCT07.pdf
Ross, S.M., Morrison, G.R., & Lowther, D.L. (2010). Educational technology research past and present: Balancing rigor and relevance to impact school learning. Contemporary Educational Technology, 1(1), 17-35. http://www.cedtech.net/articles/11/112.pdf
Shukla-Mehta, S., Miller, T., & Callahan, K. J. (2010). Evaluating the effectiveness of video instruction on social and communication skills training for children with autism spectrum disorders: A review of the literature. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 25(1), 23-36. http://foa.sagepub.com/content/25/1/23.short
Solomon, R. L. (1949). An extension of control group design. Psychological Bulletin, 46, 137-150. http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/1949-05862-001
Tan, C. (2006). Philosophical reflections from the silver screen: using films to promote reflection in pre-service teachers. Reflective Practice, 7 (4), 483-497. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14623940600987080#preview
Wang, J.H., Liang, W., Schwartz, M.D., Lee, M.M., Kreling, B., & Mandelblatt, J.S. (2008). Development and evaluation of a culturally tailored educational video: Changing breast cancer–related behaviors in Chinese women. Health Education & Behavior, 35 (6), 806-820. http://heb.sagepub.com/content/35/6/806.abstract
Wenger, R. (1943). Motion pictures in teacher education. Educational Research Bulletin, 22 (4), 90-96. http://www.jstor.org/stable/i264466
Willard, N. (2005). Educator’s guide to cyberbullying addressing the harm caused by outline social cruelty. Retrieved January 6, 2013, from http://www.asdk12.org/MiddleLink/AVB/bully_topics/EducatorsGuide_Cyberbullying.pdf
Zhang, Y., Miller, L.E., & Harrison, K. (2008). The relationship between exposure to sexual music videos and young adults’ sexual attitudes. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 52(3), 368-386. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08838150802205462#preview
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).