Interactive whiteboards in education: A literature scoping survey

Candice Mariz, Jennifer Stephenson, Mark Carter


Interactive whiteboards are increasing in popularity and prevalence in education. A scoping survey was performed in order to ascertain the types of documents available from academic databases on the use of interactive whiteboards with school-aged children. More than half of all the identified documents were grey literature: that is, comprised of non-refereed research, descriptive articles, product descriptions, and general opinion. The remaining research-based documents were predominantly descriptive and/or qualitative. A small number of documents contained quantitative data, and these were mainly survey-based. There were few experimental studies available. The limited number of research studies contrasts with the sizeable volume of grey literature available on these technological tools. There appears to be a need for more experimental research on the purported positive outcomes of interactive whiteboard use in schools such as higher academic achievement and engagement levels.  



Alvarez, C., Salavati, S., Nussbaum, M., & Milrad, M. (2013). Collboard: Fostering new media literacies in the classroom through collaborative problem solving supported by digital pens and interactive whiteboards. Computers & Education, 63, 368-379. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2012.12.019

Armstrong, V., Barnes, S., Sutherland, R., Curran, S., Mills, S., & Thompson, I. (2005). Collaborative research methodology for investigating teaching and learning: The use of interactive whiteboard technology. Educational Review, 57, 457-469. doi: 10.1080/00131910500279551

Balta, N., & Duran, M. (2015). Attitudes of students and teachers towards the use of

interactive whiteboards in elementary and secondary school classrooms. TOJET: The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 14, 15-21.

Beauchamp, G. (2004). Teacher use of the interactive whiteboard in primary schools: Towards an effective transition framework. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 13, 327-348. doi: 10.1080/14759390400200189

Beeland Jr., W. D. (2002). Student engagement, visual learning, and technology: Can interactive whiteboards help? Action Research Exchange, 1, 1-7.

Bennett, S., & Lockyer, L. (2008). A study of teachers' integration of interactive whiteboards into four Australian primary school classrooms. Learning, Media & Technology, 33, 289-300. doi: 10.1080/17439880802497008

Betcher, C., & Lee, M. (2009). The interactive whiteboard revolution: Teaching with IWBs. Victoria: ACER Press.

Brown-Wyatt, V. (2011). Perceptions of the use of interactive whiteboards in teaching literacy to elementary school students (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ERIC ProQuest. (ED533812).

Bruce, C. D., McPherson, R., Sabeti, F. M., & Flynn, T. (2011). Revealing significant learning moments with interactive whiteboards in mathematics. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 45, 433-454. doi: 10.2190/EC.45.4.d

Campbell, T. L. (2010). The effects of white boards on student achievement in fourth grade mathematics as Measures on the Palmetto Achievement Test (PACT) at selected schools in North Central South Carolina. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ERIC Proquest. (ED522527).

Campbell, C., & Kent, P. (2010). Using interactive whiteboards in pre-service teacher education: Examples from two Australian universities. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 26, 447-463. doi: 10.14742/ajet.1064

Campbell, M. L., & Mechling, L. C. (2009). Small group computer-assisted instruction with SMART Board technology: An investigation of observational and incidental learning of nontarget information. Remedial and Special Education, 30, 47-57. doi: 10.1177/0741932508315048

Campbell, D. T., & Stanley, J. C. (1963). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for research. Chicago: Rand McNally.

Cheung, A. C., & Slavin, R. E. (2011). The effectiveness of educational technology applications for enhancing mathematics achievement in K-12 classrooms: A meta-analysis. Educational Research Review, 9, 88-113. doi:10.1016/j.edurev.2013.01.001

Coyle, Y., Yañez, L., & Verdú, M. (2010). The impact of the interactive whiteboard on the teacher and children's language use in an ESL immersion classroom. System: An International Journal of Educational Technology and Applied Linguistics, 38, 614-625.

Davis, K., Drey, N., & Gould, D. (2009). What are scoping studies? A review of the nursing literature. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 46, 1386–1400. doi:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2009.02.010

DeSantis, J. (2012). Getting the most from your interactive whiteboard investment: Three guiding principles for designing effective professional development. Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues and Ideas, 85, 51-55. doi: 10.1080/00098655.2011.607867

DiGregorio, P., & Sobel-Lojeski, K. (2010). The effects of interactive whiteboards (IWBs) on student performance and learning: A literature review. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 38, 255-312. doi: 10.2190/ET.38.3.b

Dhindsa, H. S., & Dhindsa, H. (2011). Using interactive whiteboard technology-rich

constructivist learning environment to minimize gender differences in chemistry achievement. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 6, 393-414.

Fernandez-Cardenas, J. M., & Silveyra-De La Garza, M. L. (2010). Disciplinary knowledge and gesturing in communicative events: A comparative study between lessons using interactive whiteboards and traditional whiteboards in Mexican schools. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 19, 173-193. doi: 10.1080/1475939X.2010.491219

Futuresource Consulting. (2014). Quick facts and stats. Retrieved from SMART Technologies website:

Gillen, J., Littleton, K., Twiner, A., Staarman, J. K., & Mercer, N. (2008). Using the interactive whiteboard to resource continuity and support multimodal teaching in a primary science classroom. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 24, 348-358. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2729.2007.00269.x

Glover, D., Miller, D., Averis, D., & Door, V. (2005). The interactive whiteboard: A literature survey. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 14, 155-170. doi: 10.1080/14759390500200199

Glover, D., Miller, D., Averis, D., & Door, V. (2007). The evolution of an effective pedagogy for teachers using the interactive whiteboard in mathematics and modern languages: An empirical analysis from the secondary sector. Learning, Media & Technology, 32, 5-20. doi: 10.1080/17439880601141146

Glover, D., & Miller, D. (2009). Optimising the use of interactive whiteboards: An application of Developmental Work Research (DWR) in the United Kingdom. Professional Development in Education, 35, 469-483. doi: 10.1080/19415250902731553

Godzicki, L., Godzicki, N., Krofel, M., & Michaels, R. (2013). Increasing motivation and engagement in Elementary and Middle School students through technology-supported learning environments. Master of Arts Action Research Project, Saint Xavier University. Retrieved from

Gray, C., Pilkington, R., Hagger-Vaughan, L., & Tomkins, S.-A. (2007). Integrating ICT into classroom practice in modern foreign language teaching in England: Making room for teachers' voices. European Journal of Teacher Education, 30, 407-429. doi: 10.1080/02619760701664193

Harlow, A., Cowie, B., & Heazlewood, M. (2010). Keeping in touch with learning: The use of an interactive whiteboard in the junior school. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 19, 237-243. doi: 10.1080/1475939X.2010.491234

Higgins, S., Beauchamp, G., & Miller, D. (2007). Reviewing the literature on interactive whiteboards. Learning, Media & Technology, 32, 213-225. doi: 10.1080/17439880701511040

Hockly, N. (2013). Interactive whiteboards. ELT Journal: English Language

Teachers Journal, 67, 354-358. doi:10.1093/elt/cct021

Hodge, S., & Anderson, B. (2007). Teaching and learning with an interactive whiteboard: A teacher's journey. Learning, Media & Technology, 32, 271-282. doi: 10.1080/17439880701511123

Hwang, G.-J., Wu C.-H., & Kuo, F.-R. (2013). Effects of touch technology-

based concept mapping on students' learning attitudes and perceptions. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 16, 274-285.

Hwang, W.-Y., Chen, N.-S., & Hsu, R.-L. (2006). Development and evaluation of multimedia whiteboard system for improving mathematical problem solving. Computers & Education, 46, 105-121. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2004.05.005

Jang, S.-J., & Tsai, M.-F. (2012). Reasons for using or not using interactive whiteboards: Perspectives of Taiwanese elementary mathematics and science teachers. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 28, 1451-1465. doi: 10.14742/ajet.781

Kearney, M., & Schuck, S. (2008). Exploring pedagogy with interactive whiteboards in Australian schools. Australian Educational Computing, 23, 8-13.

Kennewell, S., & Beauchamp, G. (2007). The features of interactive whiteboards and their influence on learning. Learning, Media & Technology, 32, 227-241. doi: 10.1080/17439880701511073

Kerawalla, L., Petrou, M., & Scanlon, E. (2013). Talk factory: Supporting "Exploratory Talk" around an interactive whiteboard in primary school science plenaries. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 22, 89-102. doi: 10.1080/1475939X.2012.745049

Kershner, R., Mercer, N., Warwick, P., & Kleine Staarman, J. (2010). Can the interactive whiteboard support young children's collaborative communication and thinking in classroom science activities? International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 5, 359-383. doi:10.1007/s11412-010-9096-2

Lee, M. (2010). Interactive whiteboards and schooling: The context. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 19, 133-141. doi:10.1080/1475939X.2010.491215

Lerman, S., & Zevenbergen, R. (2007). Interactive whiteboards as mediating tools for teaching mathematics: Rhetoric or reality? In J.-H. Woo, H.-C. Lew, K.-S. Park, & D.-Y. Seo (Eds.) Proceedings of the Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education. 3 (pp. 169-176). Retrieved from

Liles, M. (2005). Interactive whiteboard system drives increased achievement at Texas school for the Deaf. T H E Journal, 32(10), 49-50.

Linder, S. M. (2012). Interactive whiteboards in early childhood mathematics: Strategies for effective implementation in pre-K-grade 3. Young Children, 67(3), 26-32.

Lopez, O. S. (2010). The digital learning classroom: Improving English language

learners' academic success in mathematics and reading using interactive whiteboard technology. Computers & Education, 54, 901-915. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2009.09.019

Maher, D. (2012). Teaching literacy in primary schools using an interactive whole-class technology: Facilitating student-to-student whole-class dialogic interactions. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 21, 137-152. doi: 10.1080/1475939X.2012.659888

Maher, D., Phelps, R., Urane, N., & Lee, M. (2012). Primary school teachers' use of digital resources with interactive whiteboards: The Australian context. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 28, 138-158. doi: 10.14742/ajet.888

Manny-Ikan, E., Tikochinski, T. B., Zorman, R., & Dagan, O. (2011). Using the

interactive white board in teaching and learning: An evaluation of the SMART CLASSROOM pilot project. Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning & Learning Objects, 7, 249-273.

Mark, G., & Kobsa, A. (2005). The effects of collaboration and system transparency

on CIVE usage: An empirical study and model. Presence: Teleoperators & Virtual Environments, 14, 60-80. doi: 10.1162/1054746053890279

Mechling, L. C., Gast, D. L., & Thompson, K. L. (2009). Comparison of the effects of SMART Board technology and flash card instruction on sight word recognition and observational learning. Journal of Special Education Technology, 23(2), 34-46.

Mercer, N., Warwick, P., Kershner, R., & Staarman, J. K. (2010). Can the interactive whiteboard help to provide 'dialogic space' for children's collaborative activity? Language & Education: An International Journal, 24, 367-384. doi: 10.1080/09500781003642460

Mostertand, A., & Needham, R. (2004). Impact of ICT and PE on disaffected pupils:

Interim report March 2004. International Journal on School Disaffection, 2(2), 49-52.

Northcote, M., Mildenhall, P., Marshall, L., & Swan, P. (2010). Interactive whiteboards: Interactive or just whiteboards? Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 26(4), 17. doi: 10.14742/ajet.1067

Özerbaş, M. A. (2012). The effect of using interactive whiteboards in the course of teaching technologies and material designing towards student achievement and retention. International Journal of Academic Research, 4, 151-157. doi: 10.7813/2075-4124.2012/4-6/B.23

Reedy, G. B. (2008). PowerPoint, interactive whiteboards, and the visual culture of technology in schools. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 17, 143-162. doi: 10.1080/14759390802098623

Schroeder, M. M., Burns, C. S., & Reicks, M. M. (2011). Interactive whiteboards: A

new tool for extension education. Journal of Extension, 49(5), 1-3.

Serow, P., & Callingham, R. (2011). Levels of use of interactive whiteboard technology in the primary mathematics classroom. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 20, 161-173. doi: 10.1080/1475939X.2011.588418

Shenton, A., & Pagett, L. (2007). From "bored" to screen: The use of the interactive whiteboard for literacy in six primary classrooms in England. Literacy, 41, 129-136. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9345.2007.00475.x

Smith, H. J., Higgins, S., Wall, K., & Miller, J. (2005). Interactive whiteboards: Boon

or bandwagon? A critical review of the literature. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 21, 91-101. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2729.2005.00117.x

Teck, W. K. (2013). Affordances of interactive whiteboards and associated

pedagogical practices: Perspectives of teachers of science with children aged five to six years. TOJET: The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 12, 1-8.

Thompson, J., & Flecknoe, M. (2003). Raising attainment with an interactive whiteboard in Key Stage 2. Management in Education, 17(3), 29-33. doi: 10.1177/08920206030170030601

Türel, Y. K. (2011). An interactive whiteboard student survey: Development, validity and reliability. Computers & Education, 57, 2441-2450. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2011.07.005

Villano, M. (2006). Picture this! T.H.E. Journal, 33, 16-20.

Wall, K., Higgins, S., & Smith, H. (2005). 'The visual helps me understand the complicated things': Pupil views of teaching and learning with interactive whiteboards. British Journal of Educational Technology, 36, 851-867. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8535.2005.00508.x

Warwick, P., & Kershner, R. (2008). Primary teachers' understanding of the interactive whiteboard as a tool for children's collaborative learning and knowledge-building. Learning, Media & Technology, 33, 269-287. doi: 10.1080/17439880802496935

Whitby, P. J., Leininger, M. L., & Grillo, K. (2012). Tips for using interactive whiteboards to increase participation of students with disabilities. TEACHING Exceptional Children, 44(6), 50-57. doi: 10.1177/004005991204400605

Winzenried, A., Dalgarno, B., & Tinkler, J. (2010). The interactive whiteboard: A transitional technology supporting diverse teaching practices. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 26, 534-552. doi: 10.14742/ajet.1071

Wong, K.-T., Russo, S., & McDowall, J. (2013). Understanding early childhood student teachers' acceptance and use of interactive whiteboard. Campus - Wide Information Systems, 30, 4-16. doi: 10.1108/10650741311288788

Wood, R., & Ashfield, J. (2008). The use of the interactive whiteboard for creative teaching and learning in literacy and mathematics: A case study. British Journal of Educational Technology, 39, 84-96. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8535.2007.00703.x

Yakubova, G., & Taber-Doughty, T. (2012). Brief report: Learning via the electronic interactive whiteboard for two students with autism and a student with moderate intellectual disability. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43, 1465-1472. doi: 10.1007/s10803-012-1682-x

Yáñez, L., & Coyle, Y. (2011). Children's perceptions of learning with an interactive whiteboard. ELT Journal: English Language Teachers Journal, 65, 446-457. doi: 10.1093/elt/ccq069

Full Text: DOC PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.